Indeed, looking at his self portraits, we discover the handsome man he was, with his face reflecting the purity of his soul and his intelligence. Self-Portrait, - Detail Museo del Prado, Madrid His contemporaries were impressed by his physical appearance, and his mental and moral qualities, which were no less remarkable. He studied the art principles, made rigorous theoretical observations, meticulously recorded the results of his investigations, and then he gave the resulting written instructions to his contemporaries. In the 16th Century, the city was the chief centre of the German artistic life.
Origin[ edit ] The history of syphilis has been well studied, but the origin of the disease remains unknown. News of it spread quickly and widely, and documentation is abundant.
For the time, it was "front page news" that was widely known among the literate. It is also the first disease to be widely recognized as sexually transmitted, and it was taken as indicative of the moral state sexual behavior of the peoples in which it was found.
Its geographic origin and moral significance were debated as had never been the case with any other illness.
European countries blamed it on each other. Somewhat later, when the significance of the Western Hemisphere was perceived, it has been used in both pro- and anti-colonial discourse. The origin of syphilis is unknown. There is strong evidence that syphilis was present among the indigenous peoples of the Americas before Europeans traveled to and from the New World.
Columbus's first voyages to the Americas occurred three years before the Naples syphilis outbreak of Upon arrival in the Old World, the bacterium, which was similar to modern day yaws, responded to new selective pressures with the eventual birth of the subspecies of sexually transmitted syphilis.
According to this appraisal, "Skeletal evidence that reputedly showed signs of syphilis in Europe and other parts of the Old World before Christopher Columbus made his voyage in does not hold up when subjected to standardized analyses for diagnosis and dating, according to an appraisal in the current Yearbook of Physical Anthropology.
This is the first time that all 54 previously published cases have been evaluated systematically, and bolsters the case that syphilis came from the New World. Some scholars during the 18th and 19th centuries believed that the symptoms of syphilis in its tertiary form were described by Hippocrates in Classical Greece.
Owsleya physical anthropologist at the Smithsonian Institutionand other supporters of this idea, say that many medieval European cases of leprosycolloquially called lepra, were actually cases of syphilis.
How to Answer a Source Question in History. In this Article: Reading the Question Evaluating the Source Giving a Solid Answer Community Q&A History tests often ask questions about sources—writing or images that help to shed light on a historical period. PRIMARY SOURCES • Landmark Documents • Court Cases • Supreme Court Cases • Newspaper Articles • Obituaries VOICES • Overview & Resources • Asian American • Children • Civil Rights • Immigrant • Native Americans • Texas • Women MULTIMEDIA • Digital Stories. In the study of history as an academic discipline, a primary source (also called an original source) is an artifact, document, diary, manuscript, autobiography, recording, or any other source of information that was created at the time under study. It serves as an original source of information about the topic.
However, these claims have not been submitted for peer reviewand the evidence that has been made available to other scientists is weak. The evidence suggests that the disease existed in both hemispheres from prehistoric times. Crosby says that the bacterium that causes syphilis belongs to the same phylogenetic family as the bacteria that cause yaws and several other diseases.
Despite the tradition of assigning the homeland of yaws to sub-Saharan AfricaCrosby notes that there is no unequivocal evidence of any related disease having been present in pre-Columbian Europe, Africa, or Asia. Crosby writes, "It is not impossible that the organisms causing treponematosis arrived from America in the s He hypothesizes that "the differing ecological conditions produced different types of treponematosis and, in time, closely related but different diseases.
According to biologist Marlene Zuk, "The origin of syphilis has always held an implied accusation: Here, the disease is believed to have astrological causes.
The first well-recorded European outbreak of what is now known as syphilis occurred in among French troops besieging NaplesItaly. As Jared Diamond describes it, "[W]hen syphilis was first definitely recorded in Europe inits pustules often covered the body from the head to the knees, caused flesh to fall from people's faces, and led to death within a few months.- The objective of this essay is to compare Internet research against other sources of information which include books, word of mouth and primary research.
- When it comes to assessing the accuracy and the significance of an event in the history, primary sources are one of the first and foremost evidence that are used to justify that event.
The Library of Congress offers classroom materials and professional development to help teachers effectively use primary sources from the Library's vast digital collections in their teaching. In the study of history as an academic discipline, a Primary Source (also called an original source or evidence) is an artifact, document, diary, manuscript, autobiography, recording, or any other source of information that was created at the time under study.
It serves as an original source of information about the topic. Center for History and New Media: Reference Desk The Center for History and New Media produces historical works in new media, tests their effectiveness in the classroom, and reflects critically on the success of new media in historical practice.
Click on the () to get the detailed assignment sheet and a list of topics to be covered for each unit of study. Click on the to go to a page filled with extensive web links to sites and many primary source documents for that unit of study.
Source Analysis Essay.
Sources can be classified into two groups. These are the primary sources and the secondary sources. Primary sources are the materials that involves history like original documents which were created at the time under study.