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The pods begin as small flowers, which are pollinated by a tiny midge rather than a bee. Successfully pollinated flowers bear fruit, and that fruit becomes the cacao pod.
There are anywhere from 20 to 50 cream-colored seeds called beans inside each pod. The seeds, each roughly the size of an olive, are surrounded by a milky-white pulp. As pods ripen, they turn varying shades of orange, yellow, and red.
Generally, it takes five years before cacao trees begin bearing pods. Nearly all cacao trees grow within 20 degrees north or south of the equator in tropical climates. Cacao trees grow in three main regions: The trees thrive on year-round moisture, heat, and shade. In one year, the world can produce 3 million tons of cacao, less than half the coffee crop.
Cacao yields are small and labor intensive, in part because no machine exists to harvest it. Everything is done by hand. Cacao trees produce all year long, though typically there are two annual harvests.
It takes almost a full year for a cocoa tree to produce enough pods to make 10 standard-sized Hershey bars. Cacao trees can live to be years old, but they produce marketable cocoa beans for only 25 years.
Each cacao tree can produce approximately 2, beans. Ninety percent of modern cacao is made from a type of cacao called forastero foreigner. Before the s, cacao was made from a type of bean called criollo. Even though forastero does not taste as good as criollo, it is easier to grow. Hawaii is the only U.
That paste is called cocoa mass in Europe or cocoa liquor in the U. In spite of the name, there is no alcohol in cocoa liquor. This liquor is the basis of all chocolate and cocoa products.
Nearly beans are required to make a pound of chocolate liquor. Or it can be slowly ground and mixed, while adding sugar and additional cocoa butter, to make chocolate.
What is the difference between cocoa and cacao? It depends on who you ask; there are varying opinions on how these terms should be used. For a few facts or bits of history trivia that may or may not have been listed on the history page, read on: Cocoa beans were used as currency by the Mayan and Aztec cultures.
Ancient Aztecs thought chocolate had magical powers; like the ability to give them strength. When English Buccaneers overran a Spanish ship loaded with cacao beans, they set it on fire, thinking the beans were sheep dung.
During the Revolutionary War, soldiers were sometimes paid in chocolate. Napoleon always carried chocolate with him, which he ate as a pick-me-up whenever he needed an energy boost. And we all thought he bought it for Josephine…. Chocolate magnate Milton Hershey canceled his reservations for the Titanic due to last minute business matters.
A new machine in gave them their current shape. Franklin Mars invented the Snickers Bar in It is the most popular cookie worldwide and is the official cookie of Massachusetts.The best opinions, comments and analysis from The Telegraph.
This is a collection of extreme stories from the Kristen Directories. As it is in real life; extreme situations rarely turn out well in the end. This is a collection of extreme stories from the Kristen Directories.
As it is in real life; extreme situations rarely turn out well in the end. Chocolate Growing Trivia, Chocolate History Facts, Chocolate Random Facts, Chocolate Health Related Facts, & Chocolate Related Jokes.
Davis, Rodney Joseph "ROD" - Morrisville, VT RODNEY "ROD" JOSEPH DAVIS - MORRISVILLE - Rodney "Rod" Joseph Davis passed away peacefully on Aug.
28, , surrounded by his family. Milton S. Hershey was born in a small Pennsylvania town named Derry Township on September 13, He was the only child of Fannie and Henry Hershey. He was the only child of .