Background, contents[ edit ] The Confessions was two distinct works, each part consisting of six books.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born in Geneva on 28 June His mother died when he was young, and Rousseau was initially brought up by his father, a watchmaker. He left Geneva aged 16 and travelled around France, where he met his benefactress, the Baronnesse de Warens, who gave him the education that turned him into a philosopher.
Rousseau reached Paris in and soon met Denis Diderot, another provincial man seeking literary fame. They formed the core of the intellectual group, the 'Philosophes'. Eschewing an easy life as a popular composer, in he published his first important work 'A Discourse on the Sciences and the Arts' Its central theme was that man had become corrupted by society and civilisation.
Inhe published 'Discourse on the Origin of Inequality'. He claimed that original man, while solitary, was happy, good and free. The vices dated from the formation of societies, which brought comparisons and, with that, pride. It argued that a state based on a genuine social contract would give men real freedom in exchange for their obedience to a self-imposed law.
Rousseau described his civil society as united by a general will, furthering the common interest while occasionally clashing with personal interest.
Increasingly unhappy in Paris, Rousseau travelled to Montmorency. This novel escaped the censors and was the most widely read of all his works.
Its freedom with emotion was in tune with developing romanticism and won him many important fans.
But it scandalised the French authorities, who burned it and ordered Rousseau's arrest. He travelled to England, a guest of the Scottish philosopher David Hume, but grew unhappy and secretly returned to France.
In his last 10 years, Rousseau wrote his 'Confessions', justifying himself against his opponents. He died on 2 July in Ermenonville, the estate of the Marquis de Girardin, who had given him refuge.Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss-born philosopher, writer, and political theorist who inspired the leaders of the French Revolution and Romanticism.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was one of the most influential thinkers during the Enlightenment in eighteenth century Europe. His first major philosophical work, A Discourse on the Sciences and Arts, was the winning response to an essay contest conducted by the Academy of Dijon in In this work.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau remains an important figure in the history of philosophy, both because of his contributions to political philosophy and moral psych /5(K). Jean-Jacques Rousseau ( - ) was a French philosopher and writer of the Age of Enlightenment..
His Political Philosophy, particularly his formulation of social contract theory (or Contractarianism), strongly influenced the French Revolution and the development of Liberal, Conservative and Socialist theory.
A brilliant, undisciplined . Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born in Geneva on 28 June His mother died when he was young, and Rousseau was initially brought up by his father, a watchmaker. He . 6, Followers, 1, Following, 1, Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from Jean Rousseau (@jeanrousseauparis).