Equal opportunity employment practices generally involve adhering to federal, state and local laws that prohibit discrimination and harassment in the workplace.
It is being applied to increasingly wider areas beyond Equal opportunities,   including lending,  housing, college admissions, voting rights and elsewhere. Equal opportunity provisions have been written into regulations and have been debated in courtrooms.
The coming President of France is the grandson of a shoemaker. The actual President is a peasant's son.
His predecessor again began life in a humble way in the shipping business. There is surely equality of opportunity under the new order in the old nation. The scope of equal opportunity has expanded to cover more than issues regarding the rights of minority groups, but covers practices regarding "recruitment, hiring, training, layoffs, discharge, recall, promotions, responsibility, wages, sick leave, vacation, overtime, insurance, retirement, pensions, and various other benefits".
Equal opportunity emphasizes the personal ambition and talent and abilities of the individual, rather than his or her qualities based on membership in a group, such as a social class or race or extended family. It requires that deliberate discrimination be relevant and meritocratic.
For instance, job interviews should only discriminate against applicants for job incompetence. Universities should not accept a less-capable applicant instead of a more-capable applicant who can't pay tuition.
Substantive equality of opportunity is absence of indirect discrimination. It requires that society be fair and meritocratic. For instance, a person should not be more likely to die at work because they were born in a country with corrupt labor law enforcement.
No one should have to drop out of school because their family needs of a full-time carer or wage earner. Formal equality of opportunity does not imply substantive equality of opportunity. Firing any employee who gets pregnant is formally equal, but substantively it hurts women more.
Substantive inequality is often more difficult to address. A political party that formally allows anyone to join, but meets in a non-wheelchair-accessible building far from public transit, substantively discriminates against both young and old members as they are less likely to be able-bodied car-owners.
However, if the party raises membership dues in order to afford a better building, it discourages poor members instead.
Grade-cutoff university admission is formally fair, but if in practice it overwhelmingly picks women and graduates of expensive user-fee schools, it is substantively unfair to men and the poor. The unfairness has already taken place and the university can choose to try to counterbalance it, but it likely can not single-handedly make pre-university opportunities equal.
Social mobility and the Great Gatsby curve are often used as an indicator of substantive equality of opportunity.legal Definition of equal opportunity: freedom from discrimination (as in employment) on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, disability, age, or sometimes sexual orientation — see also Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
Equal opportunity (also known as equality of opportunity) arises from the similar treatment of all people, unhampered by artificial barriers or prejudices or preferences, except when particular distinctions can be explicitly justified.
According to this often complex and contested concept, the intent is that important jobs in an organization should go to those persons who are the "most. The UK has always strived to promote equality in the workplace. Through the years there have been different statutory bodies that dealt with specific aspects of discrimination.
Addressing the programme organized to mark the National Miniorities Day, Khurshid said: "The setting up of an Equal Opportunity Commission would not in any way block the National Minority Commission and that the two organisations will work hand-in-hand for the development of the minorities.
Partnership Opportunities on Out & Equal | Workplace Summit To become a partner, email [email protected] Delivering on the European Pillar of Social Rights.
The European Pillar of Social Rights sets out 20 key principles and rights to support fair and well-functioning labour markets and welfare systems.