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History[ edit ] There has been some debate on historical connections between Christianity and Indian religion, it has focused on both Buddhism via Greco-Buddhism as well as Hinduism.
While it is evident that a number of Indian sages visited Constantinople in Classical Antiquity, claims of significant influence in either direction have failed to gain wide acceptance.
Christianity revolves heavily around the life of Jesus Christ as detailed in the Bible, whereas Hinduism is not based on any one personality or one book, but rather on the philosophy that there is a god, or no god and just self, etc.
Nevertheless, some scholars have studied whether there are links between the story of Jesus and that of Krishna; "Krishnology" is a term coined to express these claimed theological parallels between Krishnaism and the Christological dogmas of Christianity.
Hinduism's historical tendency has been to recognize the divine basis of various other religions, and to revere their founders and saintly practitioners; this continues today.
The declaration Nostra aetate by the Second Vatican Council officially established inter-religious dialogue between Catholics and Hindus, promoting common values between the two religions among others.
There are over Doctrine[ edit ] Buddhism, Hinduism and Christianity differ on fundamental beliefs on heaven, hell and reincarnation, to name a few. From the Hindu perspective, heaven Sanskrit: After a soul suffers its due punishment in hell, or after a soul has enjoyed enough in heaven, it again enters the life-death cycle.
There is no concept in Hinduism of a permanent hell like that in Christianity; rather, the cycle of "karma" takes over. Permanent heaven or bliss is "moksha". The Holy Trinity of Christianity, consisting of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, is sometimes seen as roughly analogous to the Trimurti of Hinduism, whose members -- BrahmaVishnu and Shiva —are seen as the three principal manifestations of Brahmanor Godhead.
The specific formulation of this trinitarian relationship is not identical between the two religions; for example, in Hinduism there is a Parabrahma, or an ultimate creator who created the Trimurti, for which there exists no parallel in Christianity. Some consider Brahma to be more similar to the demiurge of Christian gnosticism, in that he at least initially wrongly thought himself as the "Creator" and also as the highest or even the only god.
There have been Christian writers such as the 17th century mystic Jane Leade and the 19thth century theologian Sergei Bulgakov, who have described the feminine Sophia wisdom as an aspect of the Godhead. This may serve as a rough analogue to Hinduism's description of Sita in the Ramayana, who is saved by Hanuman an incarnation of Shiva from the demon king Ravana to be reunited with her husband Rama, representing God.
Nevertheless, although the concept that we can come to know God through sophia has played a role in Christian thought, no major Christian denominations profess Sophia as an independent aspect of God. In Hinduism also in Jainism and Sikhismthe concept of moksha is akin to that of Buddhism's nirvanabut some scholars further claim that it is akin as well to Christianity's doctrine of salvation.
Hindu sannyasi Swami Tripurari states: Christ represents the intermediary between God and humanity, and his life aptly illustrates the fact that it is sacrifice by which we come to meet our maker. In Western countries, Vedanta has influenced some Christian thinkers, See also: Pierre JohannsAbhishiktanandaBede Griffiths.
While others in the anti-cult movement have reacted against the activities of immigrant gurus and their followers. Hindu—Islamic relations Hindu — Islamic relations began when Islamic influence first came to be found in the Indian subcontinent during the early 7th century.
Hinduism is the socio-religious way of life of the Hindu people of the Indian subcontinenttheir diaspora, and some other regions which had Hindu influence in the ancient and medieval times. Islam is a strictly monotheistic religion in which the supreme deity is Allah Arabic: Hinduism mostly shares common terms with the other Indian religionsincluding BuddhismJainism and Sikhism.
Islam shares common characteristics with Abrahamic religions —those religions claiming descent from the prophet Abraham —being, from oldest to youngest, JudaismChristianity, Islam.
The Qur'an is the primary Islamic scripture. Muslims believe it to be the verbatim, uncreated word of Allah. The Bhagavad Gita however enjoys a special status in that, it is considered on par with the Vedas by most Hindus.Nov 15, · The significance of the tactility of reading could begin with St.
Augustine. In the eighth book of his Confessions, Augustine describes the moment of his conversion to becoming a Christian. ODLIS Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science by Joan M.
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Gregory Sullivan, Metropolitan State University of Denver. Since , Greg Sullivan has served as Director of the Access Center at Metropolitan State University of Denver and oversees a dedicated staff of professionals that provide an environment of inclusive excellence for students with disabilities.
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