An introduction to the comparison of the old and the young

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An introduction to the comparison of the old and the young

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Young adults are likely to differ from old patients concerning cerebral infarction. We compared characteristics of patients aged under and above 50 years, admitted to the Department of Neurology with cerebral infarction between andbased on prospective registration.

Investigation followed one common protocol for both groups. One hundred patients 8. Young stroke patients are more often current smokers Among the old, atrial fibrillation and flutter dominated Stroke severity and location did not differ.

Old patients more often suffered from pneumonia Males dominate, and current smoking is more common in the young.


Cervical artery dissection and nonarrhythmic heart disorders are frequent causes among young patients, while traditional risk factors dominate the old. Stroke severity is similar, but old patients seem more exposed for infectious complications.

Introduction Cerebral infarction may have serious consequences for patients in their prime of life and influence on choice of education, vocation, and family planning. More knowledge regarding pathophysiological mechanisms and prognosis is urgently needed. Several studies have shown that risk factors and etiology differ between young and old patients.

Migraine is frequently reported among young adults [ 1 — 5 ] whereas traditional risk factors such as hypertension and dyslipidemia are usually less frequent. Large-artery atherosclerosis is rare [ 36 ] whereas cervical artery dissection is a common cause of cerebral infarction among young adults [ 2467 ].

What is the difference between old generation and new generation

Cardioembolic stroke is in the majority of cases caused by cardiac conditions with low to uncertain embolic risk, such as patent foramen ovale and atrial septal aneurysm [ 48 ]. Methodological differences may obscure comparison between different centres. There has not been many comparisons between young and old patients treated and investigated in a single centre.

The aim of this study was to compare characteristics of cerebral infarction between young and old patients undergoing treatment and investigations according to one common protocol in a single centre. Patients All consecutive patients with acute cerebral infarction the index stroke admitted to the Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway, between February and Marchwere prospectively registered in a database The Bergen Stroke Registry.

An introduction to the comparison of the old and the young

Cerebral infarction was defined in accordance with the Baltimore-Washington Cooperative Young Stroke Study Criteria comprising neurological deficits lasting more than 24 hours because of ischemic lesions or transient ischemic attacks where CT or MRI showed infarctions related to the clinical findings [ 9 ].

The patients were dichotomized into two groups: All other acute ischemic lesions were defined as nonlacunar infarction NLI. Leukoaraiosis was defined as the presence of hypodense periventricular abnormalities on MRI T2.

Likewise, modified Rankin Scale mRS score and Barthel Index BI were obtained 7 days after stroke onset or earlier if the patient was discharged earlier.

Blood pressure, body temperature, and serum glucose on admittance were registered. Diagnostic workup included ECG, Holter monitoring, echocardiography, and duplex sonography of neck vessels. Holter monitoring was performed among patients with embolic stroke and no known atrial fibrillation.

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Risk factors including hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, peripheral artery disease, and atrial fibrillation were registered on admittance. Hypertension was defined as prior use of antihypertensive medication. Current smoking was defined as smoking at least one cigarette per day.

Diabetes mellitus was considered present if the patient was on glucose-lowering diet or medication. Angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and peripheral artery disease were considered present if diagnosed by a physician any time before stroke onset. Atrial fibrillation required ECG confirmation any time prior to stroke onset.

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A history of prior cerebral infarction was registered. Old infarctions on CT or MRI were registered, including both clinically silent and symptomatic infarctions.

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An introduction to the comparison of the old and the young

Comparison Between Young And Old Generation challenge of the older generation transformation of their mind to the younger generation remains a challenge.

In a contemporary life, old generation and young generation are considered as an “oxymoron”. “Physically old but young in mind” Late adulthood is a developmental stage where senior citizens belong.

It is the period beginning in the sixties or seventies and lasting until death based on our psychology subject. It is the time of adjustment to decreasing strength and health, life review, retirement, and adjustment to new social roles.

Comparison of clinicopathological and molecular features between young and old between young patients under 40 years old (young Group) with lung cancer and elderly patients over 60 years old (elderly group). adenocarcinoma, young adult Introduction Lung cancer is one of the most lethal cancers in the world [1, 2], and the age of.

Too much, too young: Should schooling start at age 7? and the harm caused by starting formal learning at 4 to 5 years old, the evidence for a later start is very persuasive.

Moreover, because we carefully matched samples, both old and young, for critical components of intellectual ability, the differences in cortical thickness observed are not easily attributed to differences in basic processing speed, working memory, or inhibitory capabilities.

Comparing Photos of Sisters – Young and Old by Margaret C. Galiztin