Emerging from a decade of research, From Jupiter to Christ demonstrates that the decisive change within the Roman imperial period was not a growing number of religions or changes in their ranking and success, but a modification of the idea of "religion" and a change in the social place of religious practices and beliefs. Religion is shown to be transformed from a medium serving the individual necessities -- dealing with human contingencies like sickness, insecurity, and death -- and a medium serving the public formation of political identity, into an encompassing system of ways of life, group identities, and political legitimation. Instead of offering an encyclopaedic presentation of religious beliefs, symbols, and practices throughout the period, the volume thematically presents the media that manifested and diffused religion institutions, texts, and lawand analyses representative cases. It asks how religion changed in processes of diffusion and immigration, how fast or how slow practices and institutions were appropriated and modified, and reveals how these changes made Roman religion 'exportable', creating those forms of intellectualisation and enscripturation which made religion an autonomous area, different from other social fields.
The Augustus of Prima Porta early 1st century AD Rome had begun expanding shortly after the founding of the republic in the 6th century BC, though it did not expand outside the Italian Peninsula until the 3rd century BC.
Then, it was an "empire" long before it had an emperor. It was ruled, not by emperorsbut by annually elected magistrates Roman Consuls above all in conjunction with the senate. This was the period of the Crisis of the Roman Republic. Towards the end of this era, in 44 BC, Julius Caesar was briefly perpetual dictator before being assassinated.
In 27 BC the Senate and People of Rome made Octavian princeps "first citizen" with proconsular imperiumthus beginning the Principate the first epoch of Roman imperial history, usually dated from 27 BC to ADand gave him the name " Augustus " "the venerated".
Though the old constitutional machinery remained in place, Augustus came to predominate it. Although the republic stood in name, contemporaries of Augustus knew it was just a veil and that Augustus had all meaningful authority in Rome.
During the years of his rule, a new constitutional order emerged in part organically and in part by designso that, upon his death, this new constitutional order operated as before when Tiberius was accepted as the new emperor.
During this period, the cohesion of the empire was furthered by a degree of social stability and economic prosperity that Rome had never before experienced.
Uprisings in the provinces were infrequent, but put down "mercilessly and swiftly" when they occurred. Vespasian became the founder of the brief Flavian dynastyto be followed by the Nerva—Antonine dynasty which produced the " Five Good Emperors ": Aurelian reigned — brought the empire back from the brink and stabilized it.
Diocletian completed the work of fully restoring the empire, but declined the role of princeps and became the first emperor to be addressed regularly as domine, "master" or "lord". The state of absolute monarchy that began with Diocletian endured until the fall of the Eastern Roman Empire in Even though northern invasions took place throughout the life of the Empire, this period officially began in the IV century and lasted for many centuries during which the western territory was under the dominion of foreign northern rulers, a notable one being Charlemagne.
Historically, this event marked the transition between the ancient world and the medieval ages.
Diocletian divided the empire into four regions, each ruled by a separate emperorthe Tetrarchy. Order was eventually restored by Constantine the Greatwho became the first emperor to convert to Christianityand who established Constantinople as the new capital of the eastern empire.
During the decades of the Constantinian and Valentinian dynastiesthe empire was divided along an east—west axis, with dual power centres in Constantinople and Rome. The reign of Julianwho under the influence of his adviser Mardonius attempted to restore Classical Roman and Hellenistic religiononly briefly interrupted the succession of Christian emperors.
Theodosius Ithe last emperor to rule over both East and Westdied in AD after making Christianity the official religion of the empire. It survived for almost a millennium after the fall of its Western counterpart and became the most stable Christian realm during the Middle Ages.
From Jupiter to Christ: On the History of Religion in the Roman Imperial Period [Jörg Rüpke] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The history of Roman imperial religion is of fundamental importance to the history of religion in leslutinsduphoenix.coms: 1. The Oxford Handbook of Roman Studies Edited by Alessandro Barchiesi Instead of offering an encyclopaedic presentation of religious beliefs, symbols, and Walter Scheidel - and practices throughout the period, the volume thematically presents the media OXFORD HANDBOOKS IN CLASSICS AND ANCIENT HISTORY that manifested and diffused religion. The history of Roman imperial religion is of fundamental importance to the history of religion in Europe. Emerging from a decade of research, From Jupiter to Christ demonstrates that the decisive change within the Roman imperial period was not a growing number of religions or changes in their ranking and success, but a modification of the idea of 'religion' and a change in the social place of Reviews: 1.
The Romans, however, managed to stop further Islamic expansion into their lands during the 8th century and, beginning in the 9th century, reclaimed parts of the conquered lands.
Basil II reconquered Bulgaria and Armenia, culture and trade flourished. The aftermath of this important battle sent the empire into a protracted period of decline.
Two decades of internal strife and Turkic invasions ultimately paved the way for Emperor Alexios I Komnenos to send a call for help to the Western European kingdoms in The conquest of Constantinople in fragmented what remained of the Empire into successor statesthe ultimate victor being that of Nicaea.
Classical demography The Roman Empire was one of the largest in history, with contiguous territories throughout Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. For instance, entire forests were cut down to provide enough wood resources for an expanding empire.
In his book Critias, Plato described that deforestation: During the reign of Augustusa "global map of the known world" was displayed for the first time in public at Rome, coinciding with the composition of the most comprehensive work on political geography that survives from antiquity, the Geography of the Pontic Greek writer Strabo.
The empire completely circled the Mediterranean Borders fines were marked, and the frontiers limites patrolled. Please help clarify this article according to any suggestions provided on the talk page.The issue of religious freedom has played a significant role in the history of the United States and the remainder of North America.
Europeans came to America to escape religious oppression and forced beliefs by such state-affiliated Christian churches as the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of .
From Jupiter to Christ: On the History of Religion in the Roman Imperial Period [Jörg Rüpke] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The history of Roman imperial religion is of fundamental importance to the history of religion in leslutinsduphoenix.coms: 1. The history of religion refers to the written record of human religious experiences and ideas.
This period of religious history begins with the invention of writing about 5, years ago ( BCE). The prehistory of religion involves the study of religious beliefs that existed prior to the advent of written records.
Period View all Period Roman.
Viking. Medieval At the centre of Roman religion were the gods themselves. For us, this is one of the hardest things to understand about religion in ancient Rome.
His work focuses on the history of the Roman Republic and early empire, particularly the history of religion and intellectual history. Hellenistic religion: Hellenistic religion, any of the various systems of beliefs and practices of eastern Mediterranean peoples from bc to ad The period of Hellenistic influence, when taken as a whole, constitutes one of the most creative periods in the history of religions.
It was a time of spiritual. Sep 01, · The term Ancient, or Archaic, Greece refers to the time three centuries before the classical age, between B.C. and B.C.—a relatively sophisticated period in world history.